Social Issues

Warrigal Creek- The site of an 1843 massacre of up to 150 Gunaikrunai people in Gippsland, Victoria. Photograph: Ciaran O’Mahony

Reporting hidden history for The Guardian’s massacres investigation

Citizen reporters Ciaran O’Mahony and Jeremy Nadel reflect on being part of an epic Guardian project on Australia’s hidden, bloody history.

You can read these reflections at


‘A very tragic history’: how the trauma of a 1926 massacre echoes through the years

Located on the banks of east Kimberley’s Forrest River, with a scenic cliff face at its entrance, Oombulgurri boasts rare natural beauty. Few would believe this peaceful, isolated spot – only accessible by boat – has experienced so much trauma, and so recently.

Until 1969 Oombulgurri was a punitive Anglican mission called Forrest River. In 1926 tensions between Aboriginal people on the mission and residents of the nearby Nulla Nulla station, on their ancestral lands, came to a bloody head.

You can read the rest of this article at


The Scottish explorer who became the butcher of Gippsland

Once revered as a pioneer, the Scottish explorer Angus McMillan is now known as “the butcher of Gippsland”.

This reversal of reputation – from virtuous Presbyterian to cold-blooded killer – is the work not just of the people he wronged but of his own relations and the descendants of his closest friends.

In July 1843 at Warrigal Creek, McMillan and his Highland Brigade surrounded a large group of Gunaikurnai people and mercilessly shot between 60 and 150 men, women and children.

You can read the rest of this article at


Living on a massacre site: home truths and trauma at Warrigal Creek

Elizabeth Balderstone leads a lifestyle that many city dwellers fantasise about, on a farm in Victoria’s Gippsland, surrounded by friendly sheep, with a humble little creek just 60 metres from her house.

But that creek, Warrigal, has seen unimaginable horrors.

You can read the rest if this article at


The Killing Times: A Massacre Map of Australia’s Frontier Wars

The colonisation of Australia is at the heart of calls for a national truth-telling process. This map tells the stories that have long been kept out of our history books. It shows evidence of mass killings from 1788 until 1928: a sustained and systematic process of conflict and expansion.

So what do we need to know about our past, so we can start the process? This site is a collection of as much accurate information about our frontier history as we can provide at this time.

What happened in your suburb, town or district? Search by location, postcode or time to find out at


Powershift – A deepdive into the Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (LIEEP)

Working together with Swinburne University, this research reviews the program elements and outcomes from the Low Income Energy Efficiency Program (LIEEP). As a competitive merit-based grant program, LIEEP was established by the Commonwealth Government to provide grants to consortia of government, business and community organisations to trial innovative approaches to improve the energy efficiency of low income households and enable them to better manage their energy use. Twenty projects were conducted using a variety of initiatives across Australia, with their results published on the Department of the Environment and Energy website.


You can read the full report at Energy Consumers Australia


Powershift Project One Report

During 2013–2016 the Commonwealth Government established a Low-Income Energy Efficiency Program (LIEEP) which funded 20 consortia across Australia to trial various initiatives to support low-income households to reduce their energy use and associated bills. Each LIEEP project completed a final report as part of its contract. The Group of Energy Efficiency Researchers (GEER) Australia, commissioned by Energy Consumers Australia as part of the Power Shift project, examined and synthesised the results of these reports in order to conduct a ‘deep-dive’ and extract key findings and learnings to help inform future actions.

You can read the rest of this report at QUT Service Thinking for Social Problems